EPR can be implemented in many different ways. Thus far, in Europe, 30 countries have implemented EPR in their legislation and the industry has set up PROs. In some of these countries, the scheme has achieved great success, particularly due to clear legislation coupled with genuine cooperation between all of the actors involved in the waste management chain. Actors include governments, local authorities, producers and waste management organisations.
EPR schemes rely on either national regulations or specific legislation for the waste streams they are part of. For example, EPR schemes for household and municipal waste are generally based on the producers’ financial responsibility because they have been mostly introduced when the schemes were already in place and managed by local public authorities. By contrast, the EPR implementation for non-municipal waste varies significantly, and can for example be based on business-to-business arrangements. Solely in Belgium, the obliged industry has set up a specific PRO for industrial and commercial waste, VALIPAC. Its major role consists of monitoring packaging collection and recycling, in relation to the volumes brought on the market, collecting the respective data and motivating companies to separately collect their packaging waste. 

Not all PROs have the same functions. As EPR requirements differ between countries, the role of PROs vary as well. In Sweden, for instance, producers have to participate financially only in the treatment of end-of-life vehicles whereas they have full financial and organisational responsibility for graphic paper. 

Key differing features include the following: 

Type of responsibility, either financial or organisational. 

Presence of competition among PROs and among waste treatment operators. 

Transparency and surveillance features such as free-riders’ surveillance, waste management activities and PROs  

EPR France

With the law "to combat waste and promote recycling" of 10 February 20201, France has extended producer liability (EPR) to additional products and tightened it for existing products. In France, the principle of extended producer responsibility has been enshrined in law since 1975.The first nationwide system was introduced in 1992 for the collection of packaging waste from private final consumers. Later, similar systems were introduced for batteries and accumulators, paper, electrical and electronic equipment, etc. Meanwhile there are about 20 different EPR systems ("channels") in France.

In France, Amazon will require your EPR registration number(s). To get this number(s), you have to register with the relevant Producer Responsibility Organisation (see table below). Once you receive the EPR registration number(s), you will need to communicate it to Amazon. During Q4 2021, Amazon will share the link to upload the EPR registration number(s). 

Starting in January 2022, to be EPR compliant, a new registration number called the ‘Identifiant Unique’ (Unique Identification Number) will be available on your Producer Responsibility Organisation portal(s). You will also need to provide Amazon with this new EPR registration number. 

The EPR categories and Producer Responsibility Organisations are detailed in the table below.    

# EPR Categories FR Product Description Examples Producer Responsibility Organisations (PRO)
Electric and Electronic Equipment (EEE) Waste generated by Electrics and Electronics Equipment Household products, lamps, fire extinguishers and professional electronic products https://www.ecosystem.eco
2 Batteries Used batteries and accumulators Portable, automotive and industrial batteries https://www.corepile.fr/
3 Packaging1 Waste from households packaging Boxes and packaging of products (e.g. box containing a toy), shipping boxes, shipping labels, tapes, etc. https://www.citeo.com
4 Print Paper Waste from graphics papers Printed items such as user manuals, wall papers, gift cards, advertising inserts https://www.citeo.com
5 Furniture Waste generated by furniture equipment Household and professional furniture https://www.eco-mobilier.fr
6 Textiles Textiles, household linens, shoes, etc. Clothing textiles, household linens and shoes https://refashion.fr/pro/fr
7 Tires Waste generated by tyres Automotive, agrarian and heavy handling civil tyres http://www.gie-frp.com

1. PACKAGING related obligation: In France, you are accountable for your primary packaging and the secondary packaging added by you.

Where can I find more information on EPR for France?  

For more information, we encourage you to refer to the websites of the Producer Responsibility Organisation as well as sites given below for more information: